Chronic Low Back Pain Patients Treatment With Acupuncture

published in: Acupuncture // Health Conditions & Concerns

Chronic Low Back Pain Patients Treatment With Acupuncture
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Acupuncture in Patients With Chronic Low Back Pain. Patients were randomized to treatment with acupuncture, minimal acupuncture (superficial needling at

ORIGINAL INVESTIGATION

Acupuncture in Patients With Chronic Low Back Pain
A Randomized Controlled Trial
Benno Brinkhaus, MD; Claudia M. Witt, MD; Susanne Jena, MSc; Klaus Linde, MD; Andrea Streng, PhD; Stefan Wagenpfeil, PhD; Dominik Irnich, MD; Heinz-Ulrich Walther, MD; Dieter Melchart, MD; Stefan N. Willich, MD, MPH

Background: Acupuncture is widely used by patients with low back pain, although its effectiveness is unclear. We investigated the efficacy of acupuncture compared with minimal acupuncture and with no acupuncture in patients with chronic low back pain. Methods: Patients were randomized to treatment with

acupuncture, minimal acupuncture (superficial needling at nonacupuncture points), or a waiting list control. Acupuncture and minimal acupuncture were administered by specialized acupuncture physicians in 30 outpatient centers, and consisted of 12 sessions per patient over 8 weeks. Patients completed standardized questionnaires at baseline and at 8, 26, and 52 weeks after randomization. The primary outcome variable was the change in low back pain intensity from baseline to the end of week 8, as determined on a visual analog scale (range, 0-100 mm).
Results: A total of 298 patients (67.8% female; mean±SD age, 59±9 years) were included. Between bas



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